'''Germany''' (; ), officially the '''Federal Republic of Germany''' (, ),
is a Federation|federal parliamentary republic
in Western Europe|West
. It includes 16 States of Germany|constituent states
and covers an area of with a largely temperate seasonal climate. Its capital city|capital
and List of cities in Germany by population|largest city
. With about 81.5 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state in the European Union
. After the United States, it is the second most popular Immigration to Germany|migration destination
in the world.
Various Germanic tribes
have occupied northern Germany since classical antiquity
. A region named Germania
was Germania (book)|documented
before 100 AD. During the Migration Period
the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German...